While many men are busy with their work, they should also pay attention to regular physical examination, which can help people understand their physical condition and find potential hidden dangers in time. Male general physical examination items include eye examination, oral examination, blood pressure examination, genital examination, etc. Different examination items mean different standards, and are based on the needs of men. If it is an entry physical examination, generally only general physical examination items are needed, if it is a pre-pregnancy physical examination, there will be more items to be checked, including testicular examination, cholesterol examination, genetic examination and prostate examination.
1. Eye exam
If your vision does not need correction and you are under the age of 50, an eye examination every three to five years is sufficient. If you wear corrective glasses and are over the age of 50, you must have your eyes checked every 2 years or so. Men with diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of eye disease must have their eyes checked at least once a year. When the eyes are examined, they should be checked for glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure leading to decreased vision), macular deterioration (retinal degeneration), and cataracts (blurred lens).
2. Oral examination
At least once a year, you should check the age of your teeth, the health of your gums, tongue, and mouth, and whether you have oral cancer. Smokers and men who chew tobacco should be examined more frequently.
3. Measure blood pressure
If you don’t have heart disease, you should check your blood pressure every 2 to 5 years before the age of 50, and every year after the age of 50. If you have a family history of high blood pressure, heart disease, sudden heart attack, or diabetes, or are overweight, you should also be checked annually.
4. Testicular examination
Doctors recommend monthly self-examination of the testicles for abnormal changes or growth, but this is not a substitute for a doctor’s professional examination. The earlier testicular cancer is diagnosed, the easier it is to cure. Men between the ages of 15 and 35 should have their testicles examined at least every 2 to 3 years. Doctors sometimes do not perform this test automatically, and if this or any of the other items listed in this article are not available during the physical examination, you should request the test yourself.
5. Cholesterol test
Blood tests can check cholesterol levels, including LDL ( “bad” cholesterol) and HDL ( “good” cholesterol), which can help you assess your chances of developing coronary heart disease. From the age of 20, you should have a check-up every year. If your cholesterol level is higher than normal (readings between 80/50 and 130/85 are considered normal), or if you have a family history of coronary heart disease, you should ask your doctor if you need more frequent tests.
6. Colonic examination
The examination mainly starts at the age of 50, and if the result is normal, it is usually followed by an examination every 3 to 5 years. If you have a family history of polyps, colon cancer, or ulcerative colitis, you should be tested more often.
7. Prostate examination
A common digital rectal examination (DRE) is a direct examination of the prostate for abnormal
growths or tumors. The Prostate Specific Antigen Test (PSA) measures a series of proteins hidden in the blood. If the test results are higher than normal, it may indicate the presence of cancer in the body. But you should be checked every year from the age of 40.
If middle-aged and elderly men can be added to the examination of tumor markers, such as alpha-fetoprotein and carcinoembryonic antigen, which can screen for liver and digestive tract tumors. In addition, if there are more cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, we can also selectively do cardiac ultrasound, arterial elasticity, carotid ultrasound and other examinations. If you often smoke and drink alcohol, you can also increase the examination of lung CT, hepatobiliary CT and gastrointestinal endoscopy.
For the sake of physical health, it is recommended to have a routine examination every year, and timely examination should be done if physical abnormalities are found.